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Case report
Non-compaction of ventricular myocardium with polycystic kidney disease with cardiogenic cerebral embolism


Non-compaction of ventricular myocardium is a rare cardiomyopathy involving an early arrest of normal compaction of myocardium during fetal ontogenesis. Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a hereditary nephropathy characterised by multiple renal cysts replacing the renal parenchyma and extrarenal manifestations. Here, we report a case of 65-year-old man, chronic smoker, presented with sudden onset right brachial monoparesis, exertional dyspnoea, orthopnoea, bipedal swelling and diagnosed as a case of ADPKD with left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy with acute left ventricular failure and cardiogenic cerebral embolism (no evidence of atrial fibrillation); based on characteristic appearance on two-dimensional echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance. The patient was managed with guideline-directed pharmacotherapy for heart failure and anticoagulation as a secondary stroke prevention measure. Through this case report, we try to discuss the association between two rare entities and individualisation of treatment options available as a case-based approach, as no standard treatment guidelines are available.

  • cardiovascular medicine
  • cardiovascular system
  • renal system
  • stroke

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