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Case report
Myelomatous pleural effusion and extensive extraskeletal soft tissue involvement: a rare presentation of clonal plasma cell disorders
  1. Vijay Alexander,
  2. Aditya John Binu and
  3. Sowmya Sathyendra
  1. Department of Medicine, Unit-3, Christian Medical College and Hospital Vellore, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Aditya John Binu, adityabinu{at}gmail.com

Abstract

A 65-year-old woman presented with a history of progressive dyspnoea, left pleuritic pain, loss of weight and appetite. Previous history was significant for pulmonary tuberculosis diagnosed 10 years before. Physical examination revealed a left supraclavicular soft tissue mass with absent breath sounds over the left hemithorax. Investigations revealed hypercalcemia with albumin:globulin reversal. The bone marrow biopsy was consistent with the diagnosis of multiple myeloma (IgG). Pleural fluid analysis revealed an exudative effusion; cytology showed mature plasma cells and plasmablasts. Serum electrophoresis revealed an M band in the gamma region. Biopsy of the supraclavicular mass revealed plasma cells which were CD 138+ with Kappa light chain restriction. She was initiated on chemotherapy and is currently doing well. Myelomatous pleural effusion is a rare presentation of multiple myeloma.

  • haematology (drugs and medicines)
  • respiratory system
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Footnotes

  • Contributors VA and AJB wrote the manuscript. AJB and SS approved the final manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Patient consent for publication Obtained.

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