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Case report
Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) and dementia in a 75-year-old female

Abstract

Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) is a relatively rare, adult-onset disorder characterised by proximal limb weakness, progressive eyelid drooping and swallowing difficulties. Preliminary research suggests there could be a link between OPMD and dementia; however, the current literature is relatively limited and inconsistent. This case study describes a 75-year-old female with OPMD, presenting to an older adults community mental health team with memory problems and word finding difficulties. A neuropsychological assessment was carried out. The results of her assessment were difficult to interpret; she demonstrated impairments in most cognitive domains tested and her presentation did not appear to reflect any typical dementia profile. It was thought she was most likely presenting with a dementia; however, the exact aetiology remains unclear. The dementia could be a result of OPMD, vascular changes or both. This report emphasises the need for further research into the possible causal link between OPMD and dementia/cognitive decline.

  • eye
  • muscle disease
  • dementia due to medical condition
  • dementia
  • vascular
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