We report on a clinical case with haemorrhagic small bowel metastases in a malignant melanoma patient with anaemia, diagnosed using small bowel video capsule endoscopy (VCE). A 67-year-old male patient with a previous diagnosis of malignant melanoma presented with anaemia and vertigo on admission. The standard diagnostic protocol for gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding investigation including a gastroscopy, colonoscopy and small bowel capsule endoscopy, as well as abdominal sonography and a restaging protocol including chest–abdomen–pelvis CT (CAP-CT), echocardiography and ECG was applied. Gastroscopy and colonoscopy were not conclusive in determining the bleeding source. VCE provided evidence for numerous haemorrhagic small bowel metastases. The CAP-CT was unremarkable for small bowel findings. Due to a diffuse metastatic disease diagnosed in heart, brain, liver, spleen and bone metastasis, the patient was treated in a conservative/palliative manner. VCE can provide precious information about GI bleeding of unknown origin when classical diagnostic methods are non-conclusive.
- gi bleeding
- small intestine
- small intestine cancer
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Contributors AZ wrote the first draft of the manuscript. FS and NAHH consulted the small bowel video capsule endoscopy study. RL-B consulted the chest–abdomen–pelvis CT study and provided the images. All authors reviewed and edited the manuscript and approved the final version of the manuscript.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
Patient consent for publication Obtained.
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