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Case report
Simultaneous presentation of parathyroid carcinoma, papillary thyroid cancer and ACTH-independent hypercortisolism due to benign cortical adenoma
  1. Ovie Edafe1,
  2. Miguel Debono2,
  3. Fawzia Tahir3 and
  4. Sabapathy P Balasubramanian2,4
  1. 1 ENT, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, UK
  2. 2 Oncology and Metabolism, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
  3. 3 Histopathology, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, UK
  4. 4 General Surgery, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, UK
  1. Correspondence to Sabapathy P Balasubramanian, s.p.balasubramanian{at}sheffield.ac.uk

Abstract

A 46-year-old woman presented with hypertension and renal disease. Investigations showed severe hypercalcaemia due to primary hyperparathyroidism. Imaging demonstrated renal calculi and an incidental left adrenal lesion. Additional biochemistry confirmed adrenocorticotropic hormone-independent hypercortisolism. Ultrasound and sestamibi scan found an enlarged right-sided parathyroid gland and a suspicious right thyroid nodule, biopsy of which suggested papillary carcinoma. The right parathyroid mass, right thyroid lobe and right central compartment tissue along with a segment of the right recurrent laryngeal nerve was resected en-bloc. Completion thyroidectomy and left adrenalectomy were performed 6 months later. Histology showed parathyroid cancer, multifocal papillary thyroid cancer and adrenal clear cell cortical adenoma. Genetic tests were normal. There was no evidence of recurrence at 12 months follow-up. Parathyroid cancer should be suspected in the presence of significant hypercalcaemia, very high parathyroid hormone and end organ damage. Suspicious thyroid nodules on imaging should be appropriately investigated.

  • thyroid cancer
  • parathyroid cancer
  • ACTH independent hypercortisolism
  • surgery
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Footnotes

  • Contributors OE: acquisition, analysis, interpretation of data; drafting the paper; approving the submitted version; agreed accountability to all aspect of the work. MD: interpretation of data; revising paper critically; approving the submitted version; agreed accountability to all aspect of the work. FT: analysis, interpretation of data; revising paper critically; approving the submitted version; agreed accountability to all aspect of the work. SPB: conception of work; interpretation of data; revising paper critically; approving the submitted version; agreed accountability to all aspect of the work.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Patient consent for publication Obtained.

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