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Case report
A case of catecholamine-induced cardiomyopathy treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
  1. Vishnu Vardhan Garla1,
  2. Shiva Gosi2,
  3. Swetha Kanduri1 and
  4. Lillian Lien1
  1. 1 Internal Medicine, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi, USA
  2. 2 Hospital Medicine, Banner Thunderbird Medical Center, Glendale, Arizona, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Vishnu Vardhan Garla, vishnu.garla{at}


A 55-year-old female patient was presented with severe dyspnea due to sudden onset of heart failure (ejection fraction (EF) <10%). Echocardiogram showed a takotsubo pattern with an akinetic apical segment. Coronary angiography did not reveal any obstructive disease. She became hypotensive which was refractory to conventional pressor agents. Catecholamine-induced cardiomyopathy was suspected after the CT scan of the abdomen showed a 4 cm necrotic right adrenal mass consistent with pheochromocytoma (PHEO). Venous arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and α blockers were initiated. There was a rapid improvement in cardiac function with EF normalising in 1 week. Subsequently, β-blockers were added and right adrenalectomy was done 3 weeks after the admission. She did extremely well after surgery with her blood pressure normalising without the need for antihypertensive therapy. Genetic evaluation revealed no pathogenic mutations implicated in the development of PHEO.

  • heart failure
  • endocrine system
  • adrenal disorders
  • mechanical ventilation

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  • Contributors VVG was involved in writing the case description and discussion sections. SG and SK were involved in reviewing the literature and LL is the senior author who edited the manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Patient consent for publication Obtained.

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