Tay-Sachs disease (TSD) is a type 1 gangliosidosis (GM2) and caused by hexosaminidase A deficiency resulting in abnormal sphingolipid metabolism and deposition of precursors in different organs. It is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder transmitted in an autosomal-recessive manner. There is an accumulation of GM2 in neurocytes and retinal ganglions which result in progressive loss of neurological function and formation of the cherry-red spot which is the hallmark of TSD. We report the first case of juvenile TSD from Pakistan in a child with death of an older sibling without the diagnosis.
- Metabolic Disorders
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Contributors HAC: manuscript design and writing. NW: review and reference collection. AS: initial review and reference provision.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
Patient consent for publication Parental/guardian consent obtained.
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