Article Text

Download PDFPDF
CASE REPORT
Hypercalcaemia, adrenal insufficiency and bilateral adrenal histoplasmosis in a middle-aged man: a diagnostic dilemma

Abstract

A 45-year-old man presented with a 3-month history of involuntary weight loss, anorexia, postural dizziness and intermittent fever. On investigation, he was found to have parathyroid hormone (PTH)-independent hypercalcaemia, with negative workup for 25-hydroxyvitamin D or 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D excess, thyrotoxicosis, multiple myeloma and bony metastases. On further evaluation, he was detected to have primary hypoadrenalism with bilateral adrenal enlargement, secondary to adrenal histoplasmosis. Hypercalcaemia improved with hydration and physiological steroid replacement even before initiation of antifungal therapy, confirming adrenal insufficiency as the cause for hypercalcaemia. Hypercalcaemia resulting from hypoadrenalism secondary to adrenal histoplasmosis is rare and should be suspected whenever evaluating a patient with PTH-independent hypercalcaemia.

  • infections
  • adrenal disorders
  • calcium and bone
View Full Text

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.