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Infective endocarditis due to Granulicatella elegans presenting with musculoskeletal symptoms
  1. Saira Farid,
  2. Zerelda Esquer Garrigos and
  3. M Rizwan Sohail
  1. Department of Infectious Diseases, Mayo Clinic Minnesota, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr M Rizwan Sohail, sohail.muhammad{at}


A 62-year-old man with essential hypertension and right L4-L5 hemilaminectomy was referred to rheumatology for evaluation of severe arthralgia and myalgia for 12 months. Review of symptoms was significant for night sweats and 20 pounds unintentional weight loss. Physical examination was significant for holosystolic murmur best heard at the cardiac apex of unclear chronicity. Laboratory investigations revealed elevated inflammatory markers, white blood cell count and B-type natriuretic peptide. Transoesophageal echocardiogram showed flail posterior mitral leaflet with severe mitral regurgitation and two vegetations (2.5×1 cm and 1.6×0.3 cm). Abdominal CT showed new focal splenic infarcts, and a brain MRI revealed subacute infarcts, consistent with the embolic phenomenon. Blood cultures grew Granulicatella elegans. The patient underwent mitral valve replacement surgery followed by 6 weeks of parenteral therapy with vancomycin and gentamicin, with full recovery at a 3-month follow-up.

  • valvar diseases
  • infections
  • infectious diseases
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  • Contributors SF: identified this unique case, conducted an extensive literature review and wrote this case. ZEG and MRS: contributed by reviewing and editing the manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Patient consent for publication Obtained.

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