A unique case of sequential occurrence of central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) and superotemporal branch retinal vein occlusion (ST-BRVO) in a patient of Takayasu’s arteritis is described. An 18-year-old man was diagnosed as left eye CRAO on his initial presentation and was subjected to a complete cardiovascular evaluation revealing findings diagnostic of Takayasu’s arteritis. Patient was however lost to follow-up and presented 16 months later with ST-BRVO in the right eye. Multidisciplinary intervention and an appropriate ocular intervention led to complete recovery of vision in the right eye that was maintained until his last ophthalmic evaluation (2.5 years after the initial presentation). Though uncommon, small retinal vessel involvement can occur in Takayasu’s arteritis as the inaugural feature. Hence, CRAO or branch retinal vein occlusion in a young patient, especially a male, mandates a thorough systemic evaluation and a high index of suspicion of Takayasu’s arteritis to prevent vision threatening complications.
- cardiovascular medicine
- interventional cardiology
- cardiovascular system
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Contributors VG: conception and design of manuscript, review of literature, analysis and interpretation of data, drafting and editing of the manuscript. NS: design of the work and drafting the manuscript. SL: acquisition, analysis and interpretation of data and drafting/critically revising the report. SS: analysis and interpretation of data, critically revising the manuscript and preparation of image panels. All authors read and approved the final manuscript and agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
Patient consent for publication Obtained.
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