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Acquired C1-inhibitor deficiency presenting with nephrotic syndrome


Acquired C1-inhibitor (C1-INH) deficiency is a rare and potentially life-threatening disorder, which presents with recurrent attacks of non-pitting oedema to the face, airway, limbs or gastrointestinal tract. It is often associated with underlying B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders. We describe a case of a 73-year-old man with acquired C1-INH deficiency who presented with nephrotic syndrome due to glomerular IgM deposition, secondary to an underlying secretory lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma. Both the acquired C1-INH deficiency and the nephrotic syndrome resolved when the underlying B-cell lymphoma was treated with rituximab and bendamustine, suggesting the underlying lymphoproliferative malignancy was driving both disorders.

  • renal system
  • immunology
  • haematology (incl blood transfusion)
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