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CASE REPORT
Challenging diagnosis of resistance to thyroid hormone in a patient with pituitary adenoma

Abstract

The elevation of thyroid hormone with a normal or elevated thyroid-stimulation hormone (TSH) occurs uncommonly. This set a diagnosis challenge between TSH-secreting pituitary adenoma and resistance to thyroid hormone (RTH). We report a case of a young female patient with palpitations, with elevated thyroid hormone and non-suppressed TSH. TSH receptor antibody was undetectable. Thyroid ultrasound revealed mild heterogeneous goitre, and MRI revealed a microadenoma with 7.5 mm length in pituitary’s left lobe. Pituitary hormones were within normal ranges. The thyrotropin-releasing hormone stimulation test showed normal TSH elevation, consistent with RTH. The genetic test revealed a mutation in heterozygosity in THRB gene (G344R) confirming RTH-beta. No pituitary surgery or thyroidectomy was performed nor were prescribed any antithyroid drugs. Inappropriate secretion of TSH requires a high level of clinical suspicion and the proper laboratory, genetic and radiological studies to conduct a correct diagnosis and prevent unnecessary and potential harmful therapies.

  • pituitary disorders
  • thyroid disease
  • genetics
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