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A severe case of sclerosing mesenteritis
  1. Sofia Costa Corado,
  2. Heitor Almeida and
  3. José Rodrigues Baltazar
  1. Serviço de Cirurgia, Centro Hospitalar Universitário de Lisboa Central, Lisboa, Portugal
  1. Correspondence to Dr Sofia Costa Corado, sofiacorado{at}


Sclerosing mesenteritis is a rare benign disease presenting with chronic inflammation of the mesenteric adipose tissue and variable degrees of fibrosis. A 47-year-old black man presented to the emergency department with symptoms of small bowel obstruction, requiring surgical treatment. The laparotomy revealed a stenosis of the distal ileum with mesenteric thickening and an enterectomy was performed. The postoperative period was complicated by the maintenance of bowel obstruction. The patient underwent a second laparotomy, in which the fibrosing process of the mesentery was much aggravated, and an ileo-colic resection was needed. After knowledge of the histological diagnosis, the patient was started on immunomodulators with clinical improvement. At 26 months of follow-up, patient is asymptomatic under medical treatment. This is the first report, to our knowledge, of a patient with progressive fibrosis in such short period of time requiring surgical re-intervention for bowel obstruction, owing to sclerosing mesenteritis.

  • small intestine
  • gastrointestinal surgery
  • drug therapy related to surgery
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  • Contributors SCC is responsible for conception and design; HA and JRB are responsible for revision.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Patient consent for publication Obtained.

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