A Caucasian woman aged 58 years with history of asthma and surgically repaired congenital diaphragmatic hernia presented to the emergency department (ED) with persistent cough, pleuritic chest pain, shortness of breath, in spite of recent treatment for influenza A virus. On physical examination, a large bulge was protruding from her left posterior thorax. She was found to have a large abnormal radiographic lucency on lateral chest X-ray posterior to the thoracic cavity, confirmed with chest CT to represent a large lung herniation in between the left seventh and eighth ribs. The patient was evaluated by a thoracic surgeon and offered surgical repair but ultimately decided on conservative management which to date has been ineffective.
- respiratory medicine
- cardiothoracic surgery
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Contributors MNL gathered and wrote the proposed case report, has reviewed and edited with approval of the final version being submitted with agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. LTS and DMF were substantially involved in mentoring, reviewing the case and editing the final draft. They agreed to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
Patient consent for publication Obtained.
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