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Infrequent intrahepatic cystic neoplasm: dilemmas in diagnosis and management


Biliary mucinous cystic neoplasm (BMCN) is a rare intrahepatic neoplasm comprising approximately 5% of cystic liver lesions. It can cause diagnostic dilemmas with most common differentials being complex hepatic cyst, hydatid cyst and intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct. Affecting middle-aged female population, BMCN presents variedly ranging from vague abdominal symptoms to obstructive jaundice. Preoperative diagnosis is difficult. Preoperative CT scan with intravenous contrast and carbohydrate antigen 19.9 levels may give a clue towards the diagnosis. Intraoperative frozen section or cyst fluid aspiration cytology might help confirm the diagnosis. Fine needle aspirations should not be performed if BMCN is suspected, and intraoperative cyst spillage should be avoided to prevent tumour dissemination. We present here a case with a very atypical presentation of BMCN and review its present literature in brief.

  • hepatic cancer
  • surgical oncology
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