Non-typhoidal Salmonella osteomyelitis in healthy children is a very rare condition. A previously healthy 7-year-old boy presented with foot pain following a small injury. Local inflammatory signs of the foot were observed, with a normal radiograph. Two weeks before, he had had gastroenteritis. Assuming cellulitis, flucloxacillin was began. Early during admission, surgical subcutaneous abscess drainage was performed and Salmonella enteritidis was identified. According to bacterial susceptibility, antibiotherapy was changed to ceftriaxone. A foot radiograph and an MRI scan, performed on the 9th and the 12th days, revealed findings suggestive of osteomyelitis of the metaphysis of the fifth metatarsal. Clinical worsening persisted and surgical extensive debridement was needed. A 6-week antibiotic treatment was completed, with a good outcome. Osteomyelitis with a poor evolution in children with risk factors (prior gastrointestinal illness, warm weather and previous exposure to antibiotics) can raise the possibility of a non-typhoidal Salmonella infection.
- bone and joint infections
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Contributors SL, TC, HS and FC have substantially contributed to the conception or design of the work, or the acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data for the work; drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; final approval of the version to be published; and agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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