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CASE REPORT
Majewski dwarfism type II: an atypical neuroradiological presentation with a novel variant in the PCNT gene

Abstract

Microcephalic osteodysplastic primordial dwarfism syndrome II (MOPDII) is microcephalic primordial dwarfism and is a very rare form of disproportionate short stature. This disorder shares common features with other forms of microcephalic primordial dwarfism, including severe prenatal and postnatal growth retardation with marked microcephaly. However, it includes characteristic skeletal dysplasia, abnormal dentition and increased risk for cerebrovascular diseases. Recent reports added more features, including café-au-lait lesions, cutis marmorata, astigmatism, Moyamoya disease, insulin resistance, obesity, abnormal skin pigmentation and acanthosis nigricans around the neck. Clearly, the more MOPDII reports that are produced, the more information will be added to the spectrum of MOPDII features that can improve our understanding of this disorder. In this paper, we reported a new case of MOPDII with more severe clinical features, earlier onset of common features, in addition to a homozygous novel variant in the PCNT gene.

  • paediatrics
  • genetics
  • neonatal health
  • congenital disorders
  • developmental paediatrocs
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