A 54-year-old woman was referred to our centre for the third recurrence of colchicine-intolerant, corticosteroid dependent iatrogenic post-traumatic pericarditis after pacemaker placement 3 months prior to the first episode. The initial episode and each recurrence were associated with a pericardial effusion requiring drainage. Evaluation for pericardial infection, malignancy, autoimmune disease and pacemaker lead perforation was negative. After fourth recurrence and fifth pericardial drainage in 3 months, a trial of anakinra (interleukin-1 inhibitor), in addition to swift symptom resolution successfully prevented subsequent symptomatic and echocardiographic recurrence. Corticosteroids were tapered and eventually discontinued. At 4-month follow-up, the patient continues to be on daily anakinra 100 mg subcutaneous (SQ) daily without adverse effects.
- Pericardial Disease
- Therapeutic Indications
- Pacing And Electrophysiology
Statistics from Altmetric.com
Contributors MHSS: involved in reviewing literature and writing the manuscript. MAS: wrote and revised the manuscript. SM: involved in patient care, literature review and critical review of final manuscript. RP-W: conceived the structure and premise of the manuscript.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Qot commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
Patient consent for publication Obtained.
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.