Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Pulmonary vasculitis mimicking chronic thromboembolic disease


A 29-year-old female patient presented with chest pain, breathlessness and syncope on the background of constitutional symptoms, oral ulceration and a rash. Multiple investigations were performed, including a CT pulmonary angiogram (CTPA) that was initially felt to show imaging features consistent with a diagnosis of chronic thromboembolic disease (CTED). The patient was referred to a tertiary pulmonary hypertension centre and the possibility of pulmonary vasculitis was raised. Subsequent positron emission tomography (PET)-CT revealed imaging features supporting this diagnosis. The patient was treated with intravenous cyclophosphamide infusions, following which her symptoms improved. A repeat PET-CT 6 months after treatment showed resolution in pulmonary artery and mediastinal uptake, but persistence of pulmonary artery occlusions on a repeat CTPA. A final diagnosis of pulmonary vasculitis secondary to Behçet’s disease was made. This case report aims to raise awareness of the imaging features of CTED and its mimics.

  • radiology
  • pulmonary hypertension
  • vasculitis
View Full Text

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.