A 74-year-old man presented to our hospital with recurrent lower gastrointestinal bleeding. His past medical history was remarkable for a duodenal papilla carcinoma and he underwent a pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy 4 years before. During diagnostic work-up a severe portal vein stenosis after surgery and multiple dilated intramural jejunal varices, which formed as collateral pathways could be detected. Based on these findings, the recurrent haemorrhages were considered to be due to repeated rupturing and bleeding of jejunal varices. Therapeutically, the portal vein stenosis was treated with endovascular stent placement leading to a reduction in prestenotic portal pressure. During follow-up no further episodes of gastrointestinal bleeding were observed. Bleeding from jejunal varices is a very rare cause of gastrointestinal haemorrhages and represents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. However, it should be considered in differential diagnosis of obscure recurrent gastrointestinal haemorrhages in patients with a history of hepato-pancreato-biliary surgery.
- gi bleeding
- portal hypertension
- small intestine
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Contributors PK: internist, wrote the manuscript, reviewed the literature and involved in the management of the patient. CS, NJ and TG: internist, involved in the management of the patient, involved in conception and design of the article, revised and critically reviewed the manuscript.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
Patient consent for publication Obtained.
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