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CASE REPORT
Waldenstrom-associated anti-MAG paraprotein polyneuropathy with neurogenic tremor
  1. Carlo Canepa
  1. Department of Neurology, James Paget University Hospital, Great Yarmouth, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Carlo Canepa, neurocanepa{at}gmail.com

Abstract

A 71-year-old female patient presented with a 14-year history of slowly progressive distal limb numbness, paraesthesia and reduced vibration perception, ataxic gait and intentional tremor. Examination revealed with a length-dependent sensory neuropathy. Nerve conduction studies showed a chronic sensorimotor inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy. Intravenous immunoglobulin treatment (on two occasions) proved ineffective. Serum electrophoresis showed increased monoclonal IgM with kappa light chains. Anti-myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) levels were extremely elevated, >70 000 BTU. Bone marrow biopsy revealed 15%–20% small B cells and positive MYD88 mutation, indicative of Waldenstrom macroglobulinaemia. A diagnosis of Waldenstrom-associated anti-MAG paraprotein neuropathy with intentional (neurogenic) tremor was made. Repeat nerve conduction study showed a severe sensory demyelinating neuropathy with no axonal lesion. Treatment with rituximab was given for 1 month with minimal improvement. Repeat anti-MAG levels dropped to 53 670 BTU, with minimal clinical improvement.

  • neurology
  • peripheral nerve disease
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Footnotes

  • Contributors This manuscript was prepared entirely by CC, the only author. All investigations, clinical assessment, follow-up and research preparation were done by CC. Manuscript preparation, writing, reviewing and submission were done by CC.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Patient consent for publication Obtained.

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