Schistosomiasis is infrequently seen in the UK, but remains an important cause of haematuria in endemic areas. It may also be complicated by systemic illness, and can affect multiple organs, including the bladder, liver and lungs. We discuss a case of haematuria associated with lower abdominal discomfort and dry cough/wheeze in a returning traveller diagnosed as pulmonary and urinary schistosomiasis, caused by Schistosomahaematobium. This case was particularly notable for the radiological findings seen on CT scan of the chest (figure 2A,B), as well as the characteristic sago nodules discovered within the bladder. It is also unusual to see pulmonary schistosomiasis associated with S. haematobium, an organism more typically characterised by bladder involvement. It is important to consider schistosomiasis and its complications, while rare in the western world, it remains an important differential diagnosis in at-risk groups with considerable morbidity if untreated.
- tropical medicine (infectious disease)
- respiratory medicine
- infectious diseases
Statistics from Altmetric.com
Contributors Case report drafted and images obtained by JM. Review of draft and revisions as recommended by SH, also provided help in the interpretation of CT imaging. Final approval is given by both authors.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
Patient consent for publication Obtained.
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.