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Bilateral acute non-obstructive pyelonephritis presenting as acute kidney injury requiring haemodialysis


A 54-year-old female patient with hypothyroidism and diabetes mellitus type 2 was brought to emergency room by the family members for acute change in mental status. The laboratory evaluation demonstrated findings consistent with acute renal failure (normal renal function 3 months prior to presentation). She was initiated on hemodialysis due to lack of improvement in renal function. Urine culture done prior to initiation of antibiotics was positive for Escherichia coli, which was later confirmed by renal biopsy. Extensive workup for the cause of renal failure including for connective tissue disease, plasmacytoma, obstruction was negative. She was treated with 6 week course of antibiotics with eventual recovery of her renal function in 4 months.

  • urinary tract infections
  • acute renal failure
  • dialysis

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