Programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) inhibitors stimulate immune recognition of tumour cells in cancer patients, but have significant autoimmune side effects including pneumonitis. We report the case of a patient with asthma and mild eosinophilia who developed unusual pulmonary side effect of bronchiectasis, severe eosinophilia (absolute eosinophil count: 3200 c/mm3) and elevated IgE levels (7050 IU/mL; normal: <164 IU/mL) 4 months into therapy with the PD-1 inhibitor pembrolizumab. Aspergillus fumigatus IgG was elevated at 15.60 U/mL (normal: <12.01 U/mL). He responded to therapy with corticosteroids and voriconazole and was able to resume pembrolizumab thereafter with good clinical response.
- lung cancer (oncology)
- unwanted effects / adverse reactions
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Contributors AAD and RK both had access to all of the data, contributed significantly to the manuscript and the final editing of the paper.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent Obtained.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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