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CASE REPORT
How does knowledge of the blood supply to an intracardiac tumour help?
  1. Prabha Nini Gupta,
  2. Nishant Sagar,
  3. Ritesh Ramachandran and
  4. Velenurre Rajagopalan Rajeshekharan
  1. Department of Cardiology, Medical College Hospital, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
  1. Correspondence to Professor Prabha Nini Gupta, ninigupta{at}gmail.com

Abstract

Myxoma is a common benign tumour found in the heart. On reviewing literature, we found some left atrial myxomas receive blood supply from the right coronary artery. Performing a coronary angiogram in a cardiac tumour has the following uses: (1) it shows the vascularity that can be ligated by the surgeon at operation; (2) if there is a blood supply visible, it may not be an intracardiac thrombus; (3) the coronary angiogram may detect a myxoma even before an echocardiogram does so; (4) some myxomas may bleed into the right atrium or left atrium and this may be seen on coronary angiography. We show here the neovascularity of a left atrial myxoma and its blood supply from the right coronary artery. We recommend that all routine coronary angiograms be reviewed carefully for any signs of tumour vascularity or tumour blush as this would prevent missing early myxomas. Echocardiography is the gold standard for detection of myxomas but literature has a number of intracardiac tumours that were detected only by the tumour blush. Some left atrial tumours have been treated by occluding their blood supply.The absence of a blood supply on coronary angiography could rule out a benign cardiac tumour that usually has a blood supply.

  • hemangioma
  • cardiovascular medicine
  • surgery
  • cardiothoracic surgery
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Footnotes

  • Contributors PNG treated the patient and wrote the report. RR detected the patient clinically and did the echo. NS retrieved the records and the histopathology and VRR did the cardiac surgery.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Patient consent for publication Obtained.

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