Pneumomediastinum (PNMD) entails the presence of air or other gas in the mediastinum and is also known as mediastinal emphysema. PNMD may cause a wide variety of signs and symptoms, as well as ECG abnormality, including ST segment changes. We present a 56-year-old man admitted to our hospital after a facial trauma. After undergoing tracheostomy, he complained of chest discomfort. A chest X-ray in the posteroanterior view showed PNMD, and an ECG was suggestive of inferior-lateral wall myocardial infarction. An urgent cardiac catheterisation identified a critical obstruction at the origin of the right coronary artery. Following a balloon angioplasty, chest discomfort continued; and the ECG ST segments did not show any dynamic change during the subsequent 72 hours. We urge clinicians to perform a comprehensive workup for every patient presenting with PNMD and ST segment changes, to prevent unnecessary invasive procedures.
- adult intensive care
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Patient consent for publication Obtained.
Contributors AF and EB contributaed to study conception & design. YB and LK contributed to the manuscript drafting. VZ and MK contributed to critical manuscript revision.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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