A 48-year-old woman with a history of AIDS, a recent coronary artery bypass graft operation and prior bacteraemia with non-typhoid Salmonella presented with non-exertional chest pain and elevated troponins. The cardiac catheterisation and coronary CT angiography revealed a 9 cm pseudoaneurysm arising from the proximal left anterior descending artery. The blood cultures confirmed non-typhoid Salmonella. Emergent surgery was initially deferred due to her complex anatomy. Moreover, the hospital course was complicated by Epstein-Barr virus meningitis and an associated decline in the patient’s mentation. Consequently, the mycotic pseudoaneurysm was medically managed with antibiotics and strict blood pressure goals. The natural history of giant mycotic coronary artery pseudoaneurysm formation and progression is appreciated through this first reported medically managed case. The follow-up coronary CT angiography at 3 months showed evidence of pseudoaneurysm leakage into surrounding tissue. The patient expired at 5 months from an unknown cause.
- ischaemic heart disease
- cardiothoracic surgery
- nosocomial infections
- interventional cardiology
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Contributors HH and HZ both conceptualized the design of the manuscript. HH and HZ both drafted the manuscript and revised the work for important intellectual content. Both HH and HZ approved the version of the paper that has been submitted and are in agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent Next of kin consent obtained.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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