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Case report
Management of a parturient with uncorrected tetralogy of Fallot in shock: an anesthetic challenge

Abstract

Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is the most common form of cyanotic congenital heart disease. The survival of patients with uncorrected TOF till the fourth decade of life is rare (around 3%). Pregnancy in a patient with uncorrected TOF requires a multidisciplinary approach. A confluence of pregnancy, uncorrected TOF and shock is infrequent. The state of hypovolaemia and a decrease in systemic vascular resistance due to anaesthetic agents increase the right to left shunt. The decrease in pulmonary blood flow provokes a ‘hypercyanotic spell’. We report the successful management of 30-year-old pregnant (G3P2A2L0) with uncorrected TOF, presenting to the emergency department with incomplete abortion in shock.

  • anaesthesia
  • cardiovascular medicine
  • obstetrics, gynaecology and fertility
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