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Case report
Congenital choroidal melanocytoma in a child with ocular melanocytosis
  1. Arpita Maniar1,
  2. Saumya Jakati2 and
  3. Swathi Kaliki1
  1. 1 Ocular Oncology, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India
  2. 2 Ophthalmic Pathology, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Swathi Kaliki; kalikiswathi{at}


A 1-day-old child was brought to the clinic for evaluation of enlarged right eye (OD). On examination, OD showed buphthalmos with diffuse scleral melanocytosis, fleshy blackish-brown extrascleral mass with corneal extension, and secondary glaucoma. Anterior segment evaluation revealed darkly pigmented iris and fundus evaluation OD revealed a darkly pigmented choroidal lesion. The left eye was within normal limits. A clinical diagnosis of choroidal melanocytoma with ocular melanocytosis was made. Enucleation OD followed by orbital implant was performed. Histopathology showed features of diffuse ocular melanocytosis involving limbus, iris, ciliary body, choroid, sclera, optic nerve head, optic nerve sheath, along with choroidal melanocytoma with extrascleral tumour extension. We presume that choroidal melanocytoma may have arisen from ocular melanocytosis.

  • paediatric oncology
  • glaucoma

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  • Contributors AM helped with planning, conduct and first draft. SJ helped with planning and reporting. SK helped with conception and design, and interpretation of data.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Parental/guardian consent obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.