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Chylothorax in a patient with HIV-related Kaposi’s sarcoma
  1. Sonia Cherian1,2,
  2. Onyeka Maureen Umerah1,2,
  3. Muhammad Tufail1,2 and
  4. Rakesh K Panchal1,2
  1. 1 Respiratory Medicine, Glenfield Hospital Department of Respiratory Disorders Lung Disorders and Thoracic Medicine, Leicester, UK
  2. 2 Respiratory Medicine, Institute for Lung Health, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester, Leicester, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Sonia Cherian, cheriansonia1{at}


We present a case of a 33-year-old man with a background of HIV and Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS), who presented with a right sided chylothorax. He was managed with percutaneous chest drainage and talc pleurodesis, in addition to his chemotherapy and antiretroviral therapy for KS and HIV, respectively. Good clinical control of the chylothorax remained 4 months post drainage. This case report summarises the approach to investigating and managing pleural effusion, and in particular chylothorax, in HIV patients.

  • HIV / AIDS
  • respiratory cancer
  • ultrasonography

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  • Patient consent for publication Obtained.

  • Contributors The initial draft was written by SC and OMU and critically reviewed by both RKP and MT.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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