Peritonitis remains an important complication of peritoneal dialysis. The Gram-negative bacillus Chryseobacterium indologenes causes infection mostly in immunocompromised patients with severe underlying disease, mainly in Asia. Herein, we report the first case in Europe and the second case in an immunocompetent patient of peritoneal dialysis-associated C. indologenes peritonitis. Our patient presented with abdominal pain and a cloudy effluent and was started on intraperitoneal antibiotics. The organism cultured from the peritoneal fluid was later identified as C. indologenes and antibiotic therapy was adjusted accordingly. Despite this, the peritonitis followed a relapsing course, requiring Tenckhoff catheter removal, temporary transfer to haemodialysis and intravenous antibiotics. Subsequently, a new Tenckhoff catheter was inserted and peritoneal dialysis was restarted. The patient remains peritonitis free after 18 months of follow-up. This case highlights the need to consider rare causes of peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis patients as well as the heterogeneous clinical course of C. indologenes peritonitis.
- renal medicine
- chronic renal failure
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Patient consent for publication Obtained.
Contributors TJC: main author, responsible for article writing. PQB: major article writing contribution, patient follow-up. ARM: minor article writing contribution, responsible for the patient while he was admitted in the nephrology ward. AG: head of Peritoneal Dialysis Unit, article review and writing coordinator.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.