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Choroidal melanoma masquerading as orbital cellulitis
  1. Pallavi Singh,
  2. Sagnik Sen,
  3. Mousumi Banerjee and
  4. Rachna Meel
  1. Department of Ophthalmology, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, Delhi, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Sagnik Sen, riksag{at}


Orbital cellulitis is the most common subset of orbital inflammatory disease. We describe a patient with necrotic choroidal melanoma who presented with orbital cellulitis. MRI revealed a mass lesion suggesting intraocular melanoma with no extrascleral extension. There was no metastasis on positron emission tomography-CT scan. Enucleation with orbital implant was performed. Histopathological analysis of the specimen revealed intraocular necrotic melanoma with very few recognisable melanoma cells. The necrotic subtype is more commonly associated with extrascleral extension, distant metastasis and poorer prognosis than other melanoma types. Sterile orbital cellulitis may rarely be a manifestation of ocular tumours in adults, and a high index of suspicion should be maintained to rule out the same.

  • ultrasonography
  • cancer intervention

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  • Patient consent for publication Obtained.

  • Contributors All authors have been associated with collection of patient findings and writing the manuscript. PS and SS were involved in writing the manuscript. MB looked after arranging all the data and information of the patient’s management. RM supervised the entire process and finally reviewed the manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.