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Subglottic acute lymphoblastic leukaemia


Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is one of the the most common malignancies of childhood and can occasionally present as acute airway obstruction. We present the unusual case of a 1-year-old boy who was referred to our Paediatric Otolaryngology (ENT) clinic with a recurrent history of croup. This is the first reported case of localised ALL presenting as a subglottic mass in a paediatric patient. It highlights the need to have a broader differential diagnosis in children presenting with ‘recurrent croup’ including extramedullary presentation of leukaemia and to have a low threshold for performing endoscopy in such cases.

  • malignant and benign haematology
  • paediatric oncology
  • otolaryngology / ENT

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