Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is one of the the most common malignancies of childhood and can occasionally present as acute airway obstruction. We present the unusual case of a 1-year-old boy who was referred to our Paediatric Otolaryngology (ENT) clinic with a recurrent history of croup. This is the first reported case of localised ALL presenting as a subglottic mass in a paediatric patient. It highlights the need to have a broader differential diagnosis in children presenting with ‘recurrent croup’ including extramedullary presentation of leukaemia and to have a low threshold for performing endoscopy in such cases.
- malignant and benign haematology
- paediatric oncology
- otolaryngology / ENT
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Contributors SO: Write-up and literature review. JG and MS: Clinical assessment and management, supervisory roles.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent Parental/guardian consent obtained.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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