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Achromobacter xylosoxidans in idiopathic cystic bronchiectasis
  1. Anthony Simon Bates1,
  2. Manjula Natarajan2 and
  3. Raja Vongala Reddy3
  1. 1 Surgical Sciences MSc Student, University of Oxford
  2. 2 Departmemt of Microbiology, Kettering Hospital, Kettering, UK
  3. 3 Kettering Hospital, Kettering, UK
  1. Correspondence to Anthony Simon Bates, anthony.simon.bates{at}


This is the first case in the English language describing Achromobacter xylosoxidans in a patient with idiopathic bronchiectasis. A 66-year-old man with bronchiectasis presented with shortness of breath to the emergency department of our institution, a district hospital in the UK. His medications included long-term supplemental oxygen therapy and prophylactic azithromycin. Following 2 days admission to the respiratory unit, his saturations significantly deteriorated, and the patient was admitted to intensive care with type II respiratory failure. Following a week of intubation and ventilation, multidrug resistant A. xylosoxidans was isolated from the tracheal aspiration secretions. The patient recovered after receiving targeted intravenous antimicrobial therapy.

  • pneumonia (infectious disease)
  • adult intensive care
  • respiratory medicine
  • interstitial lung disease

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  • Contributors MN oversaw the microbiological management of the patient and revised drafts of the report. RVR edited and revised drafts of the report. ASB wrote the report.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.