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Instructions for Authors

BMJ Case Reports is an important educational resource that offers a high volume of cases across all disciplines.

Here, you will find information about what cases we want to publish, how to prepare your manuscript, and details of our submission, peer review and publication processes.

What cases do we want to publish?

We want to publish cases with valuable clinical lessons. Common cases that present a diagnostic, ethical or management challenge, or that highlight aspects of mechanisms of injury, pharmacology or histopathology are deemed of particular educational value. It is essential that the learning outcomes of the articles are important and novel.

In addition, we encourage reports of global health cases and medicine practiced in unusual settings, eg, expedition medicine, humanitarian work, refugee health, conflict, violence, sexual violence, human trafficking, humanitarian aid, telemedicine and e-health and health innovations. Global health case reports should focus on the causes of ill health and access to healthcare services, whether economic, social or political – global health issues as they impact on individual patient’s lives. These cases require a comprehensive review of the relevant global health literature and an in-depth understanding of the anthropological background of the case you present. 

We want to publish cases worthy of discussion particularly around aspects of differential diagnosis, decision making, management, clinical guidelines and pathology. The advantage is that we learn from real cases. An example of the kind of cases we want to publish can be found in our 10,000 cases special edition booklet.

We encourage authors to include the patient’s perspective in the article (while preserving anonymity). This can be requested at the same time as consent for publication as informed consent can only be obtained when the patient or guardian has read the article you wish to submit.

BMJ Case Reports is interested in any case that fulfils the following criteria:

BMJ Case Reports does not accept case series. However, if we feel that an article makes a point better by including more than one case, we will consider the article. If your case report involves more than three patients, please contact the bmjcases{at} so that we can assess your case and give you a decision on whether or not we are prepared to consider it.

Each case will be peer reviewed by at least two external referees as well as the Editor, Deputy Editor or Associate Editor. Accepted cases will be copy edited and you will be provided with an edited version to approve before publication.

What will it cost?

BMJ Case Reports has a unique business model whereby users (whether authors and/or readers) become Fellows.

  • Individuals pay an annual Fellowship fee. During your 12 month Fellowship period you can submit as many cases as you like, access all the published material, and re-use any published material for personal use and teaching without further permission. There are no additional publication or colour charges for accepted articles.
  • The Corresponding Author must be/become a Fellow.
  • We also offer Institutional Fellowships - faculty, students and staff in such institutions will not have to pay individual fellowship fees. To check if your institution has a Fellowship, contact your institution’s library.
  • For further information and pricing (based on the number of full
    time equivalents at the institution) contact our institutional sales team.
  • Authors may make their accepted article  Open Access. There is an extra charge of £250 (+VAT) to make your case report open access. This is an extra fee to the fellowship but is only charged if your article is accepted.

How to write for BMJ Case Reports

To ensure that cases are published in an easy to find, easy to read format we require all authors to submit using our Word templates.

There are three available templates:

To help you write full case reports we have prepared this template, which provides advice for each section, as well as this leaflet. We also have a template to help you write global health cases. For more information about writing global health case reports, you can visit our blog, download our full guidance (including a field journal form and a family health needs assessment) and read this short peice about why these case reports are so useful. 

There is no official word count for full cases and global health articles. For full case reports we recommend a limit of 2000 words and for global health articles, we recommend a limit of 4000 words (excluding abstract and references). Images in ... articles should be no more than 500 words.

Please anonymise the patient’s details as much as possible, eg, specific ages, ethnicity, occupations.

On submission you will be asked to upload one Word template as well as any figures and accompanying files separately as well as a Patient consent form. You must have a signed BMJ Patient consent form from your patient(s)/guardian(s) for publication before submitting your article. If the patient is dead we ask you to get consent from the next of kin.

Simply save a blank template to your computer, rename using a logical format (we suggest first author's name and date of submission, eg, Smith_June_2014.doc), and fill in the boxes! If you are not a native English speaker and would like assistance with your paper there is a professional editing service available. Please note that a fee is applicable for this service.

For help submitting your case, please see our user guide

Patient consent

Publication of any personal information about an identifiable living patient requires the explicit consent of the patient or guardian. This is a requirement under the UK's Data Protection legislation. We expect authors to use the latest BMJ consent form which is available in several languages. 

You must have signed informed consent from patients (or guardians) before submitting to BMJ Case Reports. Please anonymise the patient’s details as much as possible, eg, specific ages, ethnicity, occupations. For living patients this is a legal requirement and we will not send your article for review without explicit consent from the patient or guardian.

If the patient is dead the UK Data Protection Act does not apply, but the authors must seek permission from a relative (ideally the next of kin). If you don't have signed consent from a deceased patient, guardian or family, the head of your medical team/hospital or legal team must take responsibility that exhaustive attempts have been made to contact the family and that the paper has been sufficiently anonymised not to cause harm to the patient's family. You will need to upload a signed document to this effect.

For "Images in ..." articles where there is no personal information and very limited clinical data we may be able to waive consent. 

Consent will not be waived for case reports involving living patients.


All authors (maximum 4) must have made an individual contribution to the writing of the article and not just been involved with the patient's care. Individuals just involved in the patient's care (including diagnosis and management) should be listed in the acknowledgements.

The uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to medical journals state that authorship credit should be based only on a substantial contribution to the following:

  • Conception and design, acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data
  • Drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content.
  • Final approval of the version published.
  • Agreement to be accountable for the article and to ensure that all questions regarding the accuracy or integrity of the article are investigated and resolved.

All four of these conditions must be met. Further information on authorship is available online.

Please note, the corresponding author must have an active Fellowship.

Where to submit your cases

All cases must be submitted online at On submission you will be asked to complete a series of fields as follows:

  • Patient consent
  • Type of case (see What cases do we want to publish?)
  • Title of case (do not include “Case Report”)
  • Authors (maximum 4, see Authorship)
  • Specialty
    • Select one or more clinical topics from the list provided. These topics will be used to find the right expert to peer review your case, and will be used if the case is published to link it to similar cases
  • Case load
    • We would like to know the approximate number patients your practice or clinic sees with the condition described; this will be important for the peer reviewers, for example, a primary care practitioner will have a different approach from a neurologist to a patient with multiple sclerosis
  • Summary (not needed for Images in...)
    • You can cut and paste this from your Word template. Please provide up to 150 words highlighting the most important aspects of the case presentation and outcome
  • Competing interests
  • Acknowledgements

You will then be asked to upload your completed Word template as well as any images and multimedia files.

You will also be asked to agree to our Intellectual Property Rights Assignment and BMJ Case Reports Author Fellow Terms and Conditions.

Format for Images

We encourage you to submit all relevant images and there is no restriction on the use of colour. Please only submit images of affected areas to preserve patient anonymity. Cropping should be as tight as possible, to eliminate unwanted detail.

We accept images in the following formats; jpg, tiff, gif, PowerPoint and eps. All black and white images should be saved to a minimum of 300 dpi. Colour images should be saved and supplied as a high quality file to a minimum of 600 dpi. Colour images should not exceed 2MB at a minimum resolution of 600 dpi. If you choose a higher resolution your image dimension should be reduced accordingly to keep the file under 2MB. NB. Scanners may automatically increase image size at a higher resolution.

Multimedia and Supplemental files

You may submit video and other files to enhance your case report (video files should be supplied as .avi, .wmv, .mp4 or .H264). When submitting video files, you must complete the "video caption" box in Case Report template. You may also submit supplementary material to support the submission and review of your article, e.g., papers in press elsewhere, published articles, raw data. When submitting video files, ensure you upload them using the File Designation "Video Files".

Genetics articles

For human genes, use genetic notation and symbols approved by the HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee. Approved gene symbols may be obtained prior to submission from the HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee. For mutation nomeclature please use the nomenclature guidelines suggested by the Human Genome Variation Society ( We encourage the submission of all variants to publicly accessible databases.

Competing interests

A competing interest exists when professional judgement concerning a primary interest (such as patients' welfare or the validity of research) may be influenced by a secondary interest (such as financial gain or personal rivalry). It may arise for the authors of an article when they have a financial interest that may influence, probably without their knowing, their interpretation of their results or those of others.

We believe that, to make the best decision on how to deal with a paper, we should know about any financial competing interest that authors may have. We are not aiming to eradicate competing interests; they are almost inevitable. We will not reject cases simply because you have a competing interest, but we will make a declaration on whether you have competing interests.

For all manuscripts please provide a statement describing any relevant interests of all authors in the appropriate box on submission (for guidance on relevant competing interests read the BMJ declaration).

We also ask reviewers to provide statements of competing interests, and we use these when assessing the value of peer review.

Intellectual property rights

On submission the Corresponding Author will be asked to agree the following terms and conditions:

The Corresponding Author has the right to assign on behalf of all authors and does assign on behalf of all authors, a full assignment of all intellectual property rights for all content within the submitted case report (other than as agreed with the BMJ Publishing Group Ltd) in any media known now or created in the future, and permits this case report (if accepted) to be published on BMJ Case Reports and to be fully exploited within the remit of the assignment as set out in the assignment which has been read

All published articles are deposited with PubMed Central (embargoed for 2 years).

Plagiarism detection

BMJ takes publication ethics very seriously and abides by the best practice guidance of the Committee on Publication Ethics. BMJ is a member of CrossCheck by CrossRef and iThenticate which is a plagiarism screening service that verifies the originality of content submitted before publication. iThenticate checks submissions against millions of published articles, and billions of web content. Authors, researchers and freelancers can also use iThenticate to screen their work before submission by visiting Every article is screened on submission and any that is deemed to overlap more than trivially with other publications will be rejected automatically with no right of appeal.

BMJ are pleased to support the CAse REport (CARE) guidelines: clinical case reporting guideline development.

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