BMJ Case Reports 2018; doi:10.1136/bcr-2018-225869
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Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding in a patient with malignant melanoma

  1. Ali Kohansal-Vajargah
  1. Department of Gastroenterology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
  1. Correspondence to Dr Vanessa Falk, vfalk{at}
  • Accepted 29 June 2018
  • Published 11 July 2018


The patient is a 73-year-old woman who was diagnosed with nodular melanoma of the calf almost 2 years prior to presentation. The melanoma was treated with wide-margin surgical resection (pT4b, 21 mitoses/high power field, 8 mm depth), followed by sentinel lymph node biopsy, which was negative. However, surveillance CT scan done less than a year after the original excision showed metastases to the liver, bone, lungs and adrenal glands. After oncological assessment, the patient had decided not to proceed with chemotherapy. The gastroenterology service was consulted when the patient presented with melena and significant anaemia (haemoglobin 54 g/L, haematocrit 0.17 L/L). Her haemoglobin level was normal 1 year prior (128 g/L). She also had mild renal impairment (creatinine 135 μmol/L, urea 11.4 mmol/L, glomerular filtration rate 32 mL/min/1.73 m2). She was resuscitated, including blood transfusions, and underwent urgent gastroscopy. …

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