BMJ Case Reports 2018; doi:10.1136/bcr-2017-223356
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Extraocular muscle cysticercosis: never skip steroids

  1. Amar Pujari
  1. Department of Ophthalmology, Dr Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, AIIMS, New Delhi, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Amar Pujari, dramarpujari{at}
  • Accepted 27 December 2017
  • Published 9 January 2018


Case description

A 16-year-old girl presented with a 2-month history of recurrent (three episodes) right upper eyelid drooping and oedema (figure 1A). Examination showed fullness in the right upper eyelid along with elevation deficit. Visual acuity was 20/20 in each eye, and anterior and posterior segments were essentially within normal limits in both the eyes. To explain the cause, ultrasonography of the orbit for extraocular muscles revealed a large cyst in the superior rectus muscle along with a central hyperechoic spot corresponding to the scolex (figure 1B). Non-contrast CT of the orbit and brain revealed inflammatory thickening of the superior rectus muscle with the central cystic area harbouring the scolex without any intracranial foci (figure 1C). Based on the history and imaging findings a diagnosis of myocysticercosis was confirmed and …

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