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BMJ Case Reports 2017; doi:10.1136/bcr-2017-223016
  • Findings that shed new light on the possible pathogenesis of a disease or an adverse effect
  • CASE REPORT

Acquired haemophilia A complicating alemtuzumab therapy for multiple sclerosis

  1. Jennifer Curnow1,5
  1. 1Haematology Department, Westmead Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  2. 2Sydney Medical School, Sydney, Australia
  3. 3Neurology Department, St Vincent’s Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  4. 4UNSW Medical School, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  5. 5Sydney Centres for Thrombosis and Haemostasis, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  1. Correspondence to Dr Jennifer Massey, jennifer.massey{at}hotmail.com
  • Accepted 19 November 2017
  • Published 5 December 2017

Summary

Alemtuzumab is a highly efficacious therapy used in the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS), but uncoupling of T and B cell repopulation during immune reconstitution associates with an increasing range of secondary B cell-mediated autoimmune complications. A 34-year-old woman developed Graves’ disease 11 months following an initial course of alemtuzumab treatment for MS. Nine months following the second treatment with alemtuzumab, the patient presented with spontaneous intramuscular and subcutaneous haemorrhage due to development of an inhibitory autoantibody to coagulation factor VIII. Acquired haemophilia A (AHA) is an extremely rare complication in patients treated with alemtuzumab. Treatment with rituximab may induce a rapid remission of AHA; however, the patient’s high John Cunningham virus (JCV) antibody index and alemtuzumab-induced T cell lymphopenia may lead to an increased risk of progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathy, a potential complication which was unacceptable to the patient.

Footnotes

  • Contributors All authors have contributed to the content of the manuscript. GM, JM: collection of data and writing of manuscript. IS, JC: planning of manuscript, editing of manuscript and background research into topic.

  • Competing interests Dr J Massey is supported by a postgraduate research scholarship from MS Research Australia.

    JM and IS have received honoraria for educational meetings from Genzyme.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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