BMJ Case Reports 2017; doi:10.1136/bcr-2017-221931
  • Rare disease

Successful treatment of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus purulent myopericarditis

  1. Sally Tamayo3
  1. 1Department of Aviation Medicine, Naval Medical Center Portsmouth, Portsmouth, Virginia, USA
  2. 2Department of Emergency Medicine, Naval Medical Center Portsmouth, Portsmouth, Virginia, USA
  3. 3Department of Cardiology, Naval Medical Center Portsmouth, Portsmouth, Virginia, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Henry DeYoung, Henrydeyoung73{at}
  • Accepted 29 September 2017
  • Published 10 October 2017


A previously healthy 48-year-old active duty man, who had been treated for an elbow abscess 3 weeks earlier, presented to an emergency department in Bahrain with tachycardia, pericardial friction rub and jugular venous distention. Cardiac tamponade was confirmed on transthoracic echocardiogram and he was taken for emergent pericardiocentesis. Pericardial fluid cultures grew community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Despite ongoing treatment with intravenous vancomycin, he developed a recurrent fibrinous pericardial effusion and constrictive pericarditis requiring pericardiectomy. Though he initially did well postoperatively, he developed drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms syndrome in response to vancomycin. He was transitioned to ceftaroline and started on high-dose steroids. He recovered during a week-long admission and was discharged home. Several weeks later at follow-up he was doing well and had resumed moderate intensity exercise.


  • Contributors All authors: conception, design, analysis and interpretation of data; revised it critically for important intellectual content; read and approved the final manuscript to be published. HDY: drafted the article.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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