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BMJ Case Reports 2017; doi:10.1136/bcr-2016-218581
  • Unusual presentation of more common disease/injury
  • CASE REPORT

A rare case of thrombotic microangiopathy triggered by acute pancreatitis

  1. Behzad Doratotaj2
  1. 1Department of Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, Woodhull Medical and Mental Health Center, Brooklyn, New York, USA
  2. 2Department of Haematology and Oncology, New York University School of Medicine, Woodhull Medical and Mental Health Center, Brooklyn, New York, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Kevin Singh, Singh.kevin{at}gmail.com
  • Accepted 27 April 2017
  • Published 15 May 2017

Summary

Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) occurring after acute pancreatitis is rarely described. Without prompt intervention, TMA can be, and often is, lethal, so prompt recognition is important. Here, we present a case of a 61-year-old woman with a history of alcohol misuse who presented with epigastric pain, nausea and vomiting after binge drinking. Elevated serum lipase and imaging were suggestive of acute-on-chronic pancreatitis. Although the patient’s symptoms of acute pancreatitis subsided, her anaemia, thrombocytopenia and acute kidney injury worsened. A peripheral blood smear revealed schistocytes, prompting suspicion for TMA. Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) was promptly initiated and she completed 10 TPE sessions that improved her anaemia and serum creatinine and resolved the thrombocytopenia. Since TPE was effective and the ADAMTS13 assay revealed 55% activity in the absence of anti-ADAMTS13 IgG prior to initiation of therapy, a confident diagnosis of TMA caused by acute pancreatitis was made. There was no evidence of relapse 2 years later.

Footnotes

  • Contributors KS, AJN and BD all played a role in managing this patient when she was admitted to the hospital. KS wrote this manuscript and proofreading was completed by all authors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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