BMJ Case Reports 2016; doi:10.1136/bcr-2015-214162

Familial florid osseous dysplasia: a report with review of the literature

Editor's Choice
  1. Mustafa Sancar Atac2
  1. 1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Istanbul Aydin University, Istanbul, Turkey
  2. 2Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey
  1. Correspondence to Dr Sercan Kucukkurt, skucukkurt{at}
  • Accepted 15 March 2016
  • Published 30 March 2016


There are three types of osseous dysplasia: periapical cemental dysplasia (PCD), focal cemento-osseous dysplasia (FCD) and florid osseous dysplasia (FOD). While PCD is often observed in mandibular anterior teeth, FCD mainly affects mandibular posterior teeth. FOD, on the other hand, commonly involves both jaws. FOD is a type of sclerosing disease that is characterised by intense opaque masses and many areas with different densities. Genetic heritance of FOD is unusual, with only a few reported cases. We describe a case of FOD that affected three family members, discuss its clinical, radiological and histological characteristics, and review the literature.

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