rss
BMJ Case Reports 2016; doi:10.1136/bcr-2015-213620
  • CASE REPORT

Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome

  1. Sudhir K Dutta1,3
  1. 1Department of Gastroenterology, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
  2. 2Department of General Surgery, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
  3. 3Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
  1. Correspondence to Kamran Khan, kamkmd92{at}gmail.com
  • Accepted 4 January 2016
  • Published 20 January 2016

Summary

The antiemetic properties of marijuana are well known, but there is increasing evidence of its paradoxical hyperemetic effects on the gastrointestinal tract and central nervous system, known as ‘cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome’ (CHS). We report a case of CHS encountered in our outpatient clinic. We also completed a review of the literature using PubMed in patients over 18 years of age with CHS. Understanding the diagnostic criteria and risk factors associated with CHS may reduce the ordering of unnecessary and expensive investigations, and pursuing inappropriate medical and surgical treatments. Ultimately, abstaining from cannabis use leads to resolution of symptoms in the majority of patients.

Register for free content

The full text of all Editor's Choice articles and summaries of every article are free without registration

The full text of Images in ... articles are free to registered users

Only fellows can access the full text of case reports (apart from Editor's Choice) - become a fellow today, or encourage your institution to, so that together we can grow and develop this resource

Don't forget to sign up for content alerts so you keep up to date with all the case reports as they are published, and let us know what you think by commenting on the Editor's blog

Navigate This Article