Late diagnosis of Lesch-Nyhan disease variant
- Correspondence to Dr Brian Percy Doucet,
A 30-year-old man was referred for investigation and management of hyperuricaemia. History included recurrent nephrolithiasis and chronic gout with poor response to medical management. Hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HGPRT) enzyme activity was investigated and found to be deficient confirming the diagnosis of Lesch-Nyhan disease. Hyperuricaemia was treated with allopurinol. To prevent nephrolithiasis, the patient was instructed to avoid dehydration and aim for a minimum urine output of 2 L/day. Urinary alkalinisation with potassium citrate was started. The patient was referred for genetic counselling. This case discusses the genetics, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and management of HGPRT deficiency.