BMJ Case Reports 2013; doi:10.1136/bcr-2013-008810

Sternal tuberculosis in an immunocompetent adult

  1. Narjess Khalfallah
  1. Department of Internal Medicine, Charles Nicolle's Hospital, Tunis, Tunisia
  1. Correspondence to Dr Eya Cherif, eyacherif{at}


Skeletal tuberculosis accounts for 1–3% of patients with mycobacterial infection. Any bone can be a site for tuberculosis, but sternum involvement is quite rare. We report the case of a 37-year-old woman admitted because of chest pain and increased swelling over the anterior chest. She was immunocompetent and had no systemic features. She was diagnosed with tuberculosis of the sternum without active pulmonary disease. Conservative management with oral multidrug antituberculous therapy completely cured the patient.

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