Late Streptococcus bovis infection of total knee replacement complicated by infective endocarditis and associated with colonic ulcers
- 1Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, Macclesfield District General Hospital, Macclesfield, UK
- 2University Hospitals of Morecambe Bay, Furness General Hopital, Barrow-In-Furness, UK
- Correspondence to Dr Mathias Thomas Nagy,
Streptococcus bovis is rare cause of late infections after total knee replacement (TKR). This report presents a case of confirmed late septic arthritis following TKR caused by S bovis that was further complicated with infective endocarditis resulting in aortic valve insufficiency in an immunecompetent patient. As an association between S bovis and gastrointestinal malignancies is suggested, a workup for such malignancies was performed that revealed non-malignant ulcers in patient's ascending colon. The patient is currently recovering from his aortic valve replacement surgery and is scheduled to have annual colonoscopies. His knee joint has improved; however, he developed constant pain because of underlying chronic infection in the affected joint and has difficulties mobilising. Therefore, a revision TKR is considered but postponed until he fully recovers from his heart valve surgery.