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BMJ Case Reports 2013; doi:10.1136/bcr-2012-008277
  • CASE REPORT

An unusual case of gastric outlet obstruction caused by tuberculosis: challenges in diagnosis and treatment

  1. Pradip Singh
  1. Department of Gastroenterology, Midstaffordshire NHS Trust, Stafford, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Hari Padmanabhan, phk10{at}yahoo.com

Summary

Gastroduodenal tuberculosis (GDTB) is rare in the West. Its presentation can be non-specific and often mimics other more common conditions such as peptic ulcer disease, malignancy and Crohn's disease. Our case describes a 33-year-old Indian immigrant who presented with a 3-year history of dyspepsia and underwent balloon dilation for gastric outlet obstruction (GOO). While biopsies from the duodenum revealed only non-caseating granuloma, a high index of suspicion was maintained and colonoscopy, performed despite the absence of lower gastrointestinal symptoms, revealed a single discrete nodular and ulcerated area in the proximal transverse colon; this eventually grew Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Our patient avoided undergoing major surgery and was successfully treated with balloon dilation and antitubercular medication. We highlight the importance of having a concerted, proactive approach to diagnosis. We discuss the therapeutic challenges involving this rare condition and explain the rationale for high-dose antisecretory therapy.

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