BMJ Case Reports 2012; doi:10.1136/bcr.12.2011.5332
  • Learning from errors

Abdominal compartment syndrome – a fatal complication from a rectus sheath haematoma

  1. Muhammad Hanif Shiwani1
  1. 1General Surgery Department, Barnsley District General Hospital, Barnsley, UK
  2. 2Radiology Department, Barnsley District Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Barnsley, UK
  1. Correspondence to Miss Sadaf F Jafferbhoy, sjafferbhoy{at}


Rectus sheath haematoma is increasingly being seen in patients with anticoagulation therapy. Abdominal compartment syndrome is a rare complication of rectus sheath haematoma with only two cases reported in literature. The authors report a case of a young male who developed abdominal compartment syndrome from a rectus sheath haematoma secondary to anticoagulation therapy. The case highlights the need for a surgical intervention in such exceptional cases.


  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent Not obtained.

This article has not yet been cited by other articles.

Register for free content

The full text of all Editor's Choice articles and summaries of every article are free without registration

The full text of Images in ... articles are free to registered users

Only fellows can access the full text of case reports (apart from Editor's Choice) - become a fellow today, or encourage your institution to, so that together we can grow and develop this resource

Don't forget to sign up for content alerts so you keep up to date with all the case reports as they are published, and let us know what you think by commenting on the Editor's blog

Navigate This Article