Effusive-constrictive pericarditis in the absence of overt pericardial disease on multiple imaging modalities
- Correspondence to Dr Julia Dawn Jones,
Effusive-constrictive pericarditis (ECP) is a rare condition that may prove fatal without appropriate treatment. In ECP, there is concomitant existence of a pericardial effusion and CP, that together lead to impaired cardiac filling. Therapeutic pericardiocentesis only addresses part of the problem; surgical pericardiectomy may be required to relieve the constrictive element. Imaging in ECP characteristically demonstrates calcification or thickening of the pericardium. The authors describe a case of ECP were a number of imaging modalities (including echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance and CT) did not identify overt pericardial disease. The patient underwent surgical pericardiectomy that led to a rapid resolution of symptoms and full recovery. Histopathological analysis of the pericardial biopsy indicated a non-specific pericardial fibrosis, in keeping with the final diagnosis of ECP.
Competing interests None.
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