Bilateral polymicrogyria: always think in chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndromes
- Correspondence to Dr Ana Castro,
Polymicrogyria (PMG) is a malformation of cortical development due to an abnormal organisation. It is a heterogeneous disorder associated with genetic and acquired events, namely 22q11.2 deletion syndrome also known as DiGeorge syndrome (DGS) /velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS) among others. This association has been known since 1996 and more than 30 cases have been described. Neurological features include motor and cognitive impairment, epilepsy, microcephaly and spasticity. The authors present an 8-month old infant with minor dysmorphic features, microcephaly, global psychomotor retardation and epilepsy. Brain MRI revealed diffuse bilateral PMG. The 22q11.2 deletion was confirmed by fluorescent in situ hybridisation (FISH). The child had no other manifestation of DGS/VCFS. paediatricians, neuropaediatricians, development specialists and geneticists should be aware that in the presence of PMG, especially when bilateral, 22q11.2 deletion should be investigated, even in the absence of the typical features of DGS/VCFS. On the other hand, in children with 22q11.2 deletion, brain malformations should be ruled out.
Competing interests None.
Patient consent Obtained.